Материалы «Круглого стола»,
посвященного Дню философии ЮНЕСКО
18 ноября 2004 г.
Под общей редакцией И.И. Ивановой
© КРСУ, 2004
Издание представляет собой публикацию материалов Круглого стола «Вызовы современности и философия», который был проведен в Кыргызско-Российском Славянском университете 18 ноября 2004 г. в рамках всемирного Дня философии, учрежденного ЮНЕСКО и посвященного осмыслению широкого спектра задач философии в связи с ее универсальными возможностями оказывать воздействие на жизнь человечества. День философии, объявленный ЮНЕСКО в 2002 г., был отмечен в Кыргызстане во второй раз.
Сборник представляет интерес для всех, кого волнуют современное состояние общества, место в нем философии и социальная роль философа.
Издание подготовлено в редакции, приближенной к авторской.
Globalization and Polyvariant Models of Sociocultural Development
Modern society reflects the difference of movement paradigmas, characterizing West and East, North and South. Linear movement of socium, dominated in West during some centuries, exhausted their possibilities to the end of XX century. Paradigma of cycle development of traditional East also discovered its limit. The studying of the complex social systems revealed wave character of their evolution. This way of understanding the movement of social systems allows to investigate the movements of their alternatives and option.
Globalization and the Problems of National Sovereignty
One of the main causes of globalization is the development of productive forces and means of communication, their internationalization that somehow leads to changes in all other spheres of life also including the political one. As a result the process of state integration increases and there emerges a tendency to restrict and gradually reject some part of national sovereignty in favour of supranational communities and international organizations. However, at the beginning this process also stimulates the growth of nationalism and separatism that is connected with the weakening of a state as a system and with changes in world order.
The Transformations of Religious Consciousness in Consumer Society
The article is research of elements of religious consciousness, which take place in a consumer society. Though market economy is based on rationalism and pragmatism, religious consciousness is also in demand here as a specific resource. The so-called “corporate religion” helps companies to consolidate themselves and to generate an image of their future. Besides the obvious religious elements can be detected in modern advertising and branding. Such specific consumer religiosity has all basic features and structural characteristics of “usual” religious consciousness. Among them there are faith in supernatural, intellectual and emotional elements, common mechanism of genesis. All this means that religious consciousness retains its role in the life of modern secular community.
“Reasonable” Philosophy of the Whole and the Problem of a Person
“Reasonable” development of philosophy as a science presupposes creation of all-embracing, common world outlook. This world outlook can be called the philosophy of the Whole. In the basis of it is the theory of the reason and reasonability renovated by ideas of self-realization (sinergetics) about self-regulation. The Reason in the above-mentioned context gets over the frames of narrow anthropological comprehension and starts acting as a universal process. The view on the role/p>
Post-modern Aesthetics under the Conditions of Globalization
This article is about one of the central problem XXI century — globalism in culture. New paradigm in culture transformation to aesthetic theory as post-modernism. Te modern theories of foreign and Russian philosophers and aesthetics examine in this article.
Philosophy and Ecological Problems
This article considers the role of philosophical ideas of understanding and solving modern ecological problems. The achievements of philosophy in this field and main problems, which must be solved from philosophical positions are given in this work.
Ternary Response to Binary Challenge
The Hamlet’s eternal question makes us constantly seek a possible passageway of further existence which is dangerously narrowing. The new paradigm opens a way through the trinitary structure comprising informal factors that are essential for the humanities sphere.
The Problem of the Meaning of Life in the Context of the Progressiveness
There is the question about the meaning of life the context of progressiveness in this article. It is said, that good is made by good, and evil is overcome only “by spiritual actions”. In order to achieve, it you should grow up and accumulate in yourself the forces of good. The religiously-philosophical ideas, which are expressed in simply acceptable forms are also dealt with in this article. The continuation of this article includes the problems which deal with the vital meaning of life.
The Basic Values of Kyrgyzstans in the Transitional Period
The article describes the questions, concerning influence of economic change on the basic values of Kyrgyzstans. A special attention is drawn to theoretical and practical importance of studying social-economic and personal factors interaction. The data obtained in research of values in different age and social groups are exposed.
Does Christianity Have a Future?
A prognosis of the future of Christianity is possible on the basis of extrapolating current trends. The basic features of postmodernism which is practically prevalent all over the world are outlined. The Orthodox church must tackle its disunity, monastic crisis, denigration of women. The Roman Catholic church is expected to deal with the outdated celibacy of priests, papal primacy, demise of most monastic orders. In Protestantism the traditional churches are increasingly losing ground while the Pentecostal churches are broadening their appeal. It is expected that in the 21st century the focus of world Christianity will move from the north to the south and from the west to the east. Dialogue with Islam should be invigorated. If Christianity is to survive the 21st century, it must change.
Is it Possible to Accomplish “the Project of the Enlightenment”?
The need of revival of classical philosophy with its accents on ratio, universality and an openness to Different becomes today more and more actual. The rhetoric of fidelity to values of Enlightenment and sharp opposition of the position to “a postmodernism extending on the world” is present today — directly or indirectly — in many works of philosophers of different schools and currents (from D. Dennett up to J. Habermas).
The present work suggests “new reading” of “the Project of the Enlightenment” through expanded (and creatively rethought) concept of dialogue. In this connection the author examines concept of dialogue in view of a post-non-classical science. It will allow to define, on the one hand, more precise contours of a formed new scientific paradigm, and with another — to reveal deeper sense of the concept the dialogue “missed” through a prism of a post-non-classical science.
The Role of Philosophy in Spiritual Development of Human Civilization at Modern Stage
XXI century witnesses the inescapable unification of humankind. But these are many obstacles on its way. The obstacles include prejudices: cultural, religious, social, racial. The author elaborates these problems in her article and suggests her own way for the unification of humankind. She sees the problem in different and contradicting and intolerating identifications which exist among people and nations. The creation of universal identification is the role of philosophy and culture. She underlines this role in her article.
Contemporary Problems of Articulation of Thoughts in Language: Culture, Education, Philosophy
The academic rhetoric and logic have the doubles connected to the articulation of the thoughts in the language: “new lively rhetoric” and “informal logic”. Pragmatical questions of the agonal communications have become an advantage compared to fundamental knowledge. This situation is not unequivocal. It seems to be dangerous, but on the other hand it helps to the understanding of the practical questions of logic and rhetoric. The modern logic knowledge turns to the communicative nature of logic. K. Buhlers “scheme of the four fields” is a cause of the dinamical development of such themes and methods: from the analysis of the formal and intersubjective structure of the language to the unity of the methodological questions of the immediate activity.
A. Gorobecova, K. Duyshenalieva
Philosophical Aspects of Music Importance in Spiritual Life of People and Socium (by the Example of Turkic Musical Culture)
In this work, there is philosophic analysis of formation of musical culture and art because is given humane principles through prism of ancient Turkic culture. There are investigated the phenomenon of musical art and its socio-cultural determinants. The philosophic analysis of musical culture is give as distinctive social phenomenon in dynamics of public political socio cultural presences.
On Some Approaches to Electoral Behavior Analysis: Problems of Rationalization Choice
This article is devoted to the electoral behavior problems. The authoress tries to reveal rational and nonrational components in nowadays Russia. Special attention is given to political advertisement and the role of information in adoption of political decisions.
Possibility of Prognosis of Social Conflicts
Scientific prognosis must answer the follow questions: what can happened, at what time can it happen, where can it happen and what probability is of happening it. The prognosis of the conflict is the prognosis of probability of the social conflict and its consequences. The difficulty of social prognosis is in such uncontrolled factors as emotional conditions so on. The prognosis of any conflict is important for warning of it, its influence and negative consequences. The prognosis of the social conflict include several steps. Analysis of the social conflict’s situation let find out its reasons for the most effective warning it.
The Problem of Co-relation between Private and Public Autonomy in the Political Philosophy of J. Habermas
The article is devoted to the problem of co-relation between public and private autonomy, namely, to its solution offered by the famous contemporary philosopher J. Habermas. This problem becomes more and more important in modern societies, which are eager to realize the political power in a democratic way. Of great importance here are the discussions concerning the limits of individual’s freedom in the field of private and political relations — can private and public autonomy coexist and in which way?
J. Habermas has offered on of the most fruitful approaches to this problem. While working out his project of deliberative democracy, he tries to solve the problem in the frame of the political theory and comes to the conclusion about the equipremordiality of private and public autonomy. It seems, J. Habermas solves the problem as it was considered before, but, for example, the position of multiculturalism discovers some aspects of this problem that J. Habermas hadn’t notice. So, universality of habermasian approach is under the question.
The Confessionalism and the Possibility of Elimination of Its Destructive Tendencies
The confessionalism is extremally marked conviction of some creed followers that only their trend is true expression and continuation of primordial religious tradition. Such position usually leads to fanaticism, that is why it rates as the destructive one. At the same time the best tool of elimination of confessionalism destructive tendencies is toleration. But its mass upbringing and introduction to cultural traditions of people is a problem too. At that this problem is the most difficult one for decision.
View on Modern Situation: Problems of State, Society and Younger Generation
In this article problems of state, society and young generation are scrutinized. The article shows these problems causes and ways of solution. All this is conveyed from philosophical point of view.
On the “Hidden Relationship” between Poesy and Philosophy by M. Heidegger
The so-called “hermeneutic turn” is unquestionably one of the major events that took place in the contemporary philosophical scene, and its impact goes beyond the boundaries of any academic discipline, embracing the whole field of the human sciences, including poesy. And the question immediately arises: what is the conception of poesy that underlies this new philosophical paradigm? In order to answer this question, the author of this text evaluates the significance of the work of M. Heidegger to a new poetics. This text draws on ontological and anthropological significance of poesy by M. Heidegger.
Weltanschauung of Younger Generation
Recent times internal and external factors have a tendency of destructive influence on a young generation, which is not capable to contradict anything for solving regional and global problems. International and non-government organizations could help, while it is not too late, in forming capable and firm young generation.